Software Testing Skills

[INFOGRAPHICS] Software Testing Skills

Defects, errors, and bugs are the nightmare for any software company. Defects may occur during the development process, but the identification of such defects should happen before releasing the build. Software testing is the only process through which we can identify them. Identifying bugs in an application is not an easy task. It requires a lot of skills relating to the tools, techniques, and also domain expertise. Here in this article, we have jotted out some basic and essential software testing skills that can help you to test applications effectively.

As per Wikipedia, “Software testing is an investigation conducted to provide stakeholders with information about the quality of the software product or service under test.” 

The following are the top 6 testing skills that are highly essential for any leading software tester.

Software Testing Skills

Apart from the above-mentioned skills, a software test engineer should also have some basic characteristics and also software testing certifications through which the tester can excel in his career. Having automation testing skills will always be an added advantage!

We at QA on Cloud, have a team of domain experts vetted and experienced in software testing. We work around the clock and across the globe, to help our clients release a bug-free product.

Liked what you read in this blog post? Don’t miss reading this articles too!

5 Ways To Improve Your Testing Skills

WHO-EARNS-MORE_-A-TESTER-OR-A-DEVELOPER_1

IS THE SALARY OF A SOFTWARE TESTER, SAME AS THAT OF A DEVELOPER?

The most important question people ask, “Is the salary of a software tester, same as that of a software developer?”

The world is transforming continuously. The demand for digital products is also very high. Software testing and development are the only industries, people would love to know because of the rising demand for testers and developers in the market.

 

SALARY OF A SOFTWARE TESTER AND A SOFTWARE DEVELOPER

Some of the most important questions we hear from the people are as follows:

    • A tester or a developer? What should I become?
    • How will my career be in IT industry as a tester?
    • Why should I choose QA or software testing industry?
    • How will I become a Good Tester?
      Is it true that ‘the testing is only for Non-technical people’ and ‘Testers don’t need much skills as Developer do’?
    • Will I get enough Recognition as a Tester?

But don’t panic! We are going to answer all these questions right here and will also discuss the salary of a software tester and a developer! Do you know the difference between software development and software testing?

 

SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT:

According to the Wikipedia, ‘Software development’ is a process of conceiving, specifying, designing, programming, documenting, testing, and additional bug fixes in creating and maintaining applications, frameworks, or other software components.

In short, software development refers to activities involving computer programming. It also includes conducting research, developing, prototyping, modifying, engineering, re-engineering, and maintenance, which are necessary to manifest a software product.

WHO IS A SOFTWARE DEVELOPER?

A Software Developer is a person who will analyze, design, create, maintain and finally, upgrade programs for users across many platforms like a computer, mobile, laptop, tablet, etc.

 

Types of software developers:

There are two types of software developers, namely, Application Software Developers and System Software Developers.

Application Software Developers are the developers who design custom software products for both businesses as well as for the other end user.

The System Software Developers are the persons who develop the system which takes care of the basic functioning and also the performance of computers.

E.g., Computers run on Operating Systems. These operating systems are known as system software. System Software Developers will build an interface and thus allows users to interact with other computers.

SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS OF A SOFTWARE DEVELOPER:

To become a software developer the person should have the following qualifications:

    • He/She should additionally possess a bachelor degree or masters in computer science or software engineering or in any other field.
    • Should have strong analytical, communication, and also problem-solving skills.
    • Finally, he/she should be creative, innovative, and expert in database management, program testing & other related software.

SOFTWARE TESTING:

Software testing, on the other hand, is a process of making software free from bugs and errors and thus making it better before releasing the product to the end-user.

In other words, software testing is a set of activities performed with the intent of finding errors in the software.

Software testing, on the other hand, is a process of making software free from bugs and errors and thus making it better before releasing the product to the end-user. In other words, software testing is a set of activities performed with the intent of finding errors in the software.

Software, once created and ready to release for the end users, will be tested with the requirements with an intention of finding bugs.

The ultimate goal of software testing is to detect errors and bugs and also to verify whether the software is performing as per the specifications.

In other words, testing is a process done through operating the software under a controlled environment, to check whether the actual results of the software, match with the expected results

WHO IS A SOFTWARE TESTER?

Software tester tests the software products. Tester’s job is to run a software, analyze it and also to find errors and bugs in the software through various techniques. Thus, testers are responsible to check whether the code, written by the developers is working as it is intended to.

Software tester tests the software products the developers have created. Tester’s most important job is to run a software, analyze it and find errors & bugs in the software through various techniques. So, Testers are responsible to check whether the code, written by the developers is working as it is intended to.

QUALIFICATIONS AND SKILLS REQUIRED TO BECOME A SOFTWARE TESTER

Generally, there is a myth that software tester need not have any qualification to test the software. But that is not true. To become a pro Software Tester you need to do some certifications and also should satisfy the following requirements:

    • Should have a bachelor degree either in computer science or mathematics or engineering or in any other related field.
    • He /she must have expertise on UNIX, Linux or Windows.
    • Should be an excellent communicator, be it either verbal or non-verbal . Furthermore, he/she should also be able to perform multiple tasks in less time.
    • He/she should know programming languages such as Java, JavaScript, C#, C++, Python, etc.

COMPARISON: SALARY OF A SOFTWARE TESTER VS THE SALARY OF A SOFTWARE DEVELOPER

The salary of a Software Tester and a Software developer differs from person to person, country to country and also from a company to company.

The average compensation includes bonus, incentives, overtime, and other allowances.

AVERAGE SALARY OF A SOFTWARE DEVELOPER:

The average annual salary of a software developer based on the experience is as follows: (source: www.payscale.com)

 

Salary of a Software Developer based on experience

 

source : www.payscale.com

    • Experience of 0-5 years – average salary- $67,000
    • 5-10 years – average salary – $ 80,000
    • 10-20 years – average salary – $ 90,000
    • Experience > 20 years – average salary – $ 97,000.

We can observe a positive trend in salary with growing experience. A software developer should have java, C++ programming language, and javascript, to get paid above the average. Skills like SQL and C# language are also in demand, but compared to the above-mentioned skills, these pay less than the market rate.

AVERAGE SALARY OF A SOFTWARE TESTER:

The average annual salary of a software tester based on experience is as follows: (source:www.payscale.com).

 

Salary of a Software Tester based on experience.

    • Experience of 0-5 years – average salary- $47,000
    • 5-10 years – average salary – $ 68,000
    • 10-20 years – average salary – $ 75,000
    • > 20 years – average salary – $ 82,000.

With the increase in the numbers of years of experience, the average salary is also increasing.

By comparing the average salary of a Software Developer and the average salary of a Software Tester, we can see that the developers are earning little more when compared to Testers.

 

Conclusion:

But some testers are earning more than what a developer with similar experience is making. A Software Tester should acquire negotiation skills along with the certifications in order to get pay higher than the market average.

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CYBERSECURITY AWARENESS & THREATS

CYBERSECURITY AWARENESS & THREATS

Cybersecurity awareness promotes the basic understanding of cyber crimes, cyber threats, and cyber risks. It informs citizens about the best practices and proactive measures when confronted with cyber risks.

The internet is like a busy road with lots of traffic moving in all directions. This traffic is called data. The games, videos, cartoons, emails travel all over the internet as data. While the internet seems spectacular from the outside, it has many unknowns on the inside. It is important to use it very carefully to stay safe. Our generation lives on the internet, and as a user, we generally fail to understand that some people work hard to secure our data. Technology is advancing, and so is the cybercrime. If you work on the computer, you should also be aware of the basic cybersecurity techniques. Here, we try to bring in some basic understanding of the cybersecurity for an amateur.

 

WHAT IS CYBERSECURITY:

We have physical security like locks, fences, and police officers to minimize crime in the real world. Similarly, we need Cyber Security to reduce crime and harm in the virtual world. Cybersecurity specifically focuses on securing computer systems and their components like hardware, software, and other essential data, which should be inaccessible for unauthorized users. Cyber Security protects the data and acts like a saviour trying to bring peace and justice to the cyber-verse. Its purpose is to defend those valuable data throughout the entire life cycle of the cyber attacks

Who needs to protect their data?

Whenever there is a lot of information stored on computers about people and sensitive things, it needs to be protected. The businesses, government, banking, financial, energy, manufacturing companies, educational institutions, media outlets and finally, we the people, come under a cyber risk. These industries have to secure their money, reputation, and personal details and information of them, their customers from their competitors or any outside person as such.

CYBERSECURITY AWARENESS VULNERABILITY AND ATTACKS :

Cybersecurity demands focus and dedication. The digital world is developing with new technology every day, and so are the threats and risks. Virtual crimes are dominating all the industries affecting the business and their employees. When a cybercriminal is trying to hack an organization, he will come up with hacking techniques that are highly effective. There are several ways an attacker might try to cause harm. Here are some scenarios of types of common attacks seen today.

 

MALWARE:

 

Malware is like a disease to your software that comes with no prediction. It comes with different methods to attack your system like a torrent of water from a firehouse.

 

What does this malware do? 

Malware makes money off you illicitly without damaging your hardware or network equipment physically. One of the functions of the malware software is to slow down your system, that is, it reduces the speed of the operating device. You can see random ads and spam emails popping up when you are working online. Those are the malware threats.


For instance, if you see your system often displaying the blue screen of death (BSOD), it is high time to protect your order.

Powerful malware can encrypt your password, delete your data, hijack core computer functions, and even spy on your computer without your knowledge and permission. 

Adware, spyware, a virus, worms, trojans, ransomware, exploits, etc., are some of the most common forms of malware software that affects your device.

PHISHING :

 

 Phishing is a trick used on the victims to trap one’s passwords, credit card details on their own. It is the easiest and effective way of cybercrime.  The hackers pose as a trusted institution to get personal and sensitive information of an entity or a user as such. They send an email saying emergency or as an SMS text or a phone call or as a link. The social network has now become the leading site to target phishing attacks. Targeting the online payment systems has now scared the users to use the technology effectively. Though awareness of phone phishing and SMS phishing is worldwide. We fail to protect ourself from targeted attacks like spear-phishing, which costs plenty and is also a critical threat to business. 



CRYPTOJACKING:

How does it feel when someone takes money out of your pocket and calls it “mine”? Similarly, cryptojacking is the secret use of a computing device to mine bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies. Hackers run hidden cryptocurrency mining scripts without notice. This way of attack is comparatively easier than other methods of cyberattacks. It doesn’t require hacking knowledge or significant technical skills. Cryptojacking kits available are cost-effective. Hackers see this cyberattacks method to be cheaper, more profitable than ransomware. If your system gets heated faster, runs slow or makes noises, there is a high chance that it is affected by cryptojacking. 

SQL ATTACK:

A standard language used for manipulating and accessing databases is known as SQL, commonly pronounced as the sequel. SQL stands for Structured Query Language. This programming language can execute queries, as well as create new databases, insert, update, and delete records. But, it is also a prevalent form of hacking a web application. User dynamically uses stings that cause SQL injection attacks. To avoid such attacks, it is recommended to use parameterized queries or stored procedures. To exploit anyone of the SQL vulnerability, an SQL injects the attack that runs a malicious code to the SQL server.

 CYBERSECURITY AWARENESS:

 

 

 

There are certain things that every user should know: 

    1. Getting anti-virus software up-to-date is mandatory.
    2. Closing out the browsers after each use makes the window to shut the browser. Hence, this avoids the system to run the browser in the background.
    3. Without verifying the destination, they should never click on the links and adds.
    4. Report the spam mails and pop up ads if it is recurring when working online.
    5. Do not give access to your password and personal information to anybody.
    6. Testing is necessary when the system’s speed is slow or when the fan runs fast or a lot of heat generates when the software runs.
    7. Users should conduct crypt audit and have their computers checked on a regular basis. It helps the business to protect their system.

Nowadays all our work are system-based and there are a lot of cybercriminals to steal your uniqueness, so it becomes our responsibility to secure our device.

 

RTM- Example

REQUIREMENTS TRACEABILITY MATRIX- RTM EXAMPLE

Software development and testing use a straightforward concept called Requirements Traceability Matrix. Once you understand it and see the examples in this article, you will understand that the Requirements Traceability Matrix is an easy concept and you will use it effectively in your project.  

The implementation of requirement traceability or the more it gets implemented in your project depends on your project lifecycle.

OBJECTIVE :  

People will try to come out with more and more features or requirements to a project when the project starts. The goal of the Requirements Traceability Matrix is to ensure, all new features meet the projects higher-level business requirement which in turn meet the business objectives. 

WHAT IS REQUIREMENTS TRACEABILITY MATRIX :

RTM’s shown as a table or a spreadsheet that maps the test cases against each requirement. It is one of the important and necessary documents in test artifacts. Just like every other test artifacts in software testing RTM also varies between project to project and company to company. Most of the organizations use just the requirement ID and the test case ID’s in the RTM. It is necessary to update the RTM whenever there is a change in requirement

WHAT IS THE USE OF REQUIREMENTS TRACEABILITY MATRIX?

When you look at the table we will come to know whether all the requirements have been covered by your test cases or not:

  •  Determines whether all the requirements are being covered 100% or not.
  • Easy to determine the impacted test cases for regression.
  •  Prevents us from missing any functional requirement.
  •  Helps us to identify the importance of a particular requirement based on the mapping table.
  •  Can be used as a tracker in case of requirement changes.
  • Makes our life easy when we are going over the test case review.

TYPES OF REQUIREMENTS TRACEABILITY MATRIX

Requirement ID and the test case ID is used by most of the organizations in the RTM. It is essential to update the RTM whenever there is a change in the requirement.

1. FORWARD TRACEABILITY:

Forward traceability is mapping requirements to test cases. It ensures that the project progresses in the decided direction. It makes sure that each requirement is testing thoroughly.

2. BACKWARD OR REVERSE TRACEABILITY:

Backward or Reverse Traceability Matrix is mapping test cases to requirements. It ensures whether the current product remains on the right track. It also makes sure that we are not expanding the scope of the project by adding other functionality that is not specified in the requirements.

 3. BI-DIRECTIONAL TRACEABILITY:

Bi-directional Traceability Matrix is mapping requirements to test cases and test cases to requirements. It ensures that all the specified requirements have appropriate test cases and vice verse. It is the combination of both the forward and backward traceability.

EXAMPLE :

In the below table,  Req1, Req2, etc., are the requirements of a project. But many organisation gives other names according to your software requirement specification like 1.1 or 1.0.1. You can have anything as a requirement ID. Every requirement will have a unique ID. Similarly, for test cases also. Each test case has a different ID. It can be TC001, TC002, etc.

REQUIREMENTS TRACEABILITY MATRIX

Here, the test case has several requirements to be tested.

The above example requirement  REQ1 has two test cases – TC001, TC004 

REQ2 has  two test cases – TC001, TC003

REQ3 has four test cases – TC001, TC003, TC004, TC005

REQ4 has only one test case – TC004

REQ5 has three test cases – TC002, TC003, TC004., and so on.

 

CONCLUSION:

RTM indicates the relationship between each requirement and each test case. It is a many to many relationships. Which means one requirement may not be covered by a single test case. It may take one or more test cases to test that requirement.

PRO TIP: RTM implementation should be a priority in every project. If not, then you will end up with the chaos, having multiple requirements and numerous test cases if not then, you have to go through every test case and requirements to figure out the relationship, which consumes a lot of time. So, it is necessary to create RTM as early as possible in a project.

Requirements Traceability Matrix is just a summary of the relationship between requirements and test cases. RTM cannot have any texts. It should be in the ID.

test-artifacts

TEST ARTIFACTS IN SOFTWARE TESTING

TOM DEMARCO says, “ you can’t control what you can”t measure.” Test artifacts are a set of documents, which the tester of a software project gets during the software testing life cycle (SDLC / STLC). It is to monitor and also to control the process and product. It helps to drive the project towards the planned goals without any deviation.

DIFFERENT TEST ARTIFACTS IN SOFTWARE TESTING :

TEST ARTIFACTS IN SOFTWARE TESTING



There are different kinds of test artifacts. Not all the software products will go through every process mentioned below. The following are a set of test deliverables that are commonly prepared during the process of software testing.

TEST STRATEGY :

The first or foremost step in test artifacts is to design a strategy. Test strategy explains the way the testing should happen. It gives a set of guidelines on how to determine the scope, documentation formats, test process, and client communication strategy. Once the strategy is set, the test manager decides on what module to test. Only after the preparation of the test strategy document, the testers can proceed with other artifacts and testing process. The test strategy should be standard throughout the process. The tester needs to make sure they are working according to the planned approach.

TEST PLAN :

“To plan is to act.” A test plan is a detailed document that outlines the test strategy, testing objectives, resources required for testing, test schedule and test deliverables. Test planning describes the scope, scheduled in the test activities. It also allocates the task for each test environment. It measures the amount of risk involved in the process. Test plan contains the test ID, the features to be tested, the entry and exit criteria and then the type of testing.

TEST CASE:


When you need to execute a particular function or a feature in the software application, we require test cases. We give a set of conditions to each test cases, and the tester determines if the input satisfies the defined objective in software testing. In general, the QA team is responsible to write the Test cases. The Test cases will examine the expected and actual result and gives a pass or fail status at the time of execution. These test cases usually contain the title, description, test steps, expected result, and actual result. It is essential to write the test cases as it has a significant impact on the testing phase.

Let us look at some places where we can use the test case.

TEST CASE  1:

To check results on entering valid user ID and password.

TEST CASE  2:

Checking results on entering the invalid user ID and password

TEST CASE  3:

To check whether the login button works without entering the login ID.

TEST CASE  4:

Try to log in without providing any password and check the response.

TEST DATA:

It plays a crucial role while doing actual testing. It contains both positive and negative data to perform positive/negative testing. We work on the test data in database or .xls or .csv file or any other format and use that while doing testing. Most of the companies get real-time historical data from the client and use it while testing.

REQUIREMENT TRACEABILITY MATRIX:

 

It is a document which ensures that every requirement has a test case. 
We write test cases taking the requirements as the basis and then we execute those test cases. If we write the test cases regardless of the test environment, then we cannot test specific features which might have some bugs associated with it. To ensure that we cover all the requirements, we write the traceability matrix. The requirement matrix changes from company to company and project to project.

 

TEST COVERAGE MATRIX:


Test coverage assures the quality of the test. It benefits you in preventing defect leakage. Gaps in requirements, test cases, defects at the unit level and code level can be found easily. We can accomplish it by transforming the ad-hoc defects into executable test cases.

TEST SCRIPTS:

To achieve the objective of each test case you would write a test script. A test script is writing a set of chronological steps to validate a test case.

We use a programming language like JavaScript, Perl, Python, Ruby, Tcl, Unix Shell Script, VBScript and others for Automation testing. Sometimes we write scripts in human language which is used mostly in manual testing.

TEST LOG:

After executing the test case we have to report in the Test Log document. It consists of percent of test case pass criteria and percent of test case fail criteria. In addition, this criterion is useful in exit criteria to take the decision of whether we have to stop testing or not. In other words, Test Log is a repository to store pass/fail test cases.

DEFECT REPORT:

The tester identifies the defect and creates a defect report to state the problem as clearly as possible so that the developers can replicate the defect easily and fix it. The document contains the products name, test Id, the project release version, the summary, the results, remarks, the defect severity, defect priority, etc. The report also mentions the testers name and details to report the defect effectively.

TEST CLOSURE REPORTS:

This is the final document in test artifacts. This document gives a consolidated version of the software testing life cycle. It the report on the testing activities. The benefit of this report is to communicate the system status to the stakeholders about the project and the team. The testing team discuss and analyze the artifacts and evaluate the test cycle completion criteria. It identifies strategies that have to be implemented in the future. The entry criteria in this phase are test case execution report, opened and closed test defect reports. The exit criteria are the test closure reports signed up by the client and test metrics.

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Some important activities in this phase:

  1. Evaluate test cycle completion criteria
  2. Prepare test metrics
  3. Documentation of the learning from the project
  4. Prepare test closure report

Deliverables in this phase :

  1. Test closure report and
  2. Test metrics.
Software-Testing-Certifications-to-become-a-pro-tester1

SOFTWARE TESTING CERTIFICATIONS TO BECOME A PRO TESTER

Do you think getting a software testing certifications is necessary?

Let us know why it is really needed to get certified. After that, we will see different types of software testing certifications. 

Every newbie who wants to kick-start their software testing career will have one dream in common. 

That is to become a Professional Software Tester. 

However, to survive in this competitive career, you not only should possess characteristics of a software tester. You should also show some distinct skills. 

Software quality Assurance Certifications will help you stand out of the crowd. This in turn can help you get a job with higher remuneration.

But, remember! 

Getting a software testing certification benefits you only when such certification is recognized internationally. 

Also, there is a massive demand for software testers with certifications.

Your question of ‘Certification or No certification?’ is going to be answered here. So, keep reading until the end.

WHY DO WE NEED SOFTWARE TESTING CERTIFICATION?

If you are looking for growth in your career or looking for new opportunities, then do some software testing certifications.

Getting a certification is the only way through which you could differentiate yourself from the rest of the crowd.

Your certificate stands as proof of your technical ability, skills, and expertise. Consequently, the possibility of an employer selecting your resume in the initial stages of screening is higher.

He will also consider you as an essential asset of the organization.

Also, there is a possibility of getting higher pay compared to those without certification.

Certification is certainly a valuable tool to gain practical skills and knowledge to bridge the gap between theoretical and practical things.

To sum up, certifications can help you keep up with the new advancements to get your dream job.

Which Certifications Are In Demand?


If this is the question that is running in your mind now, then here is the answer you need.

Here are some top software testing certifications, which have the potential to land you in your dream job.

TOP SOFTWARE TESTING CERTIFICATIONS

These certifications can also make you a pro software tester:

1. ISTQB (International Software Testing Qualifications Board) – Foundation Level – CTFL

2. CAST (Certified Associate In Software Testing)

3. CSTE (Certified Software Testing Engineer)

4. CSTP (Certified Software Test Professional)

5. CMSQ (Certified Manager of Software Testing)

6. ISTQB (International Software Testing Qualifications Board) – CTAL

7. CSQA (Certified Software Quality Analyst)

8. ISTQB (International Software Testing Qualifications Board) – Expert Level

BEGINNERS LEVEL : (NEWBIES TO 5-YEAR EXPERIENCE)

1. ISTQB Software Testing Certification – Foundation Level – CTFL


ISTQB is one of the best software testing certifications that have a global impact. This certification also has the ability to bring you the desired recognition. 

Headquarters of the ISTQB is located in Belgium. However, the ISTQB has its testing exam centers all around the world. 

So, you can write this exam in your own country.

If you are planning to work abroad, then this is the one for you. 

This certification is a favorite of many companies in the USA as well.

Eligibility: Everyone

Fee: nearly$230

Exam format: 40 multiple choice questions to be answered in 60 minutes

Level of Difficulty: Moderate

How to apply: connect with your National or Regional Board or visit ISTQB website.

More details: Click Here

2. CAST (Certified Associate In Software Testing)


The Quality Assurance Institute of the US, located in Florida, provides this certification. 

The CAST (Certified Associate In Software Testing) certification is one of the best certifications. If you dream of working in the USA then this is the one you should get.

Eligibility: The board will send you books after a successful registration. You don’t need to take any special training. The books sent by the institute alone is enough to get a good score in the exams.

Candidates who possess:

1. A 3 or 4 Year degree from an accredited college

2. A 2-year degree in college and 1-year experience in IT

3. 3-year experience in IT

Fee: $100

Exam format: 100 multiple choice questions to be answered in 75 minutes

Level Of Difficulty: Easy

How to apply: Login or register in the customer portal and then proceed with the application.

More details: Click Here

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL : (6 TO 8-YEAR EXPERIENCE)

3. CSTE (Certified Software Testing Engineer)

This certification is provided by the QAI (Quality Assurance Institute) of the USA, which is accepted worldwide. 

Getting these software testing certifications in your collection is a must if you want to face the job competition.

Eligibility:  Applicant should possess one of the following:

  1. A 4-year degree from accredited college-level institution and 2 years’ work experience in the IT field
  2. He/she Should have done a 3-year degree from accredited college-level institution and 3 years’ work experience in the IT field
  3.  Must have completed a 2-year degree from accredited college-level institution and 4 years’ work experience in the IT field
  4. Six years’ work experience in the IT field.

Note: He/she must be working or have worked in the IT field within the past 18 months

Fee: $350

Exam format: The CSTE examination consists of two parts of 6 questions each. The time given to answer these 12 questions is only 2 1/2 hours. The candidate must secure at least 70% on the average of both papers.

Level Of Difficulty: Fairly Difficult

How to apply: Candidate must register and log in to the customer portal to pay the fee.

More details: Click Here

4. CSTP (Certified Software Test Professional) – Professional level

Do you at least five years of experience and are looking for a better position in your career? 

In that case, this certification will embellish your resume. 

This certification is provided by the International Institute Of Software Testing.

Eligibility:

  1. Candidates should hold an active CSTP Associate level certifications.
  2. Candidate should possess an active CTFL or CSTE Certifications.

In addition to the above, The applicant should have completed four days of training as follows:

  1. Three days of training to cover 3 areas. Namely, Area #3 (Managing the Test Process), #4 (Test Execution), and #5 (Requirement Analysis and Requirement-Based Testing).
  2. At least one year experience in a software testing-related job.
  3. Also, the candidate needs to get a letter of support with the signature of the candidate’s supervisor.
  4. The letter should have a clear description of the candidate’s role and responsibilities over the past 1 year or more.

Fee: $50 (USA) for the first two attempts and $100 for every retake of the exam after the second attempt.

Exam format: descriptive exam in which the candidate must secure at least 80% to get the certification.Note: The certification, once awarded, is valid for three years. So, after three years, you have to retake the exam.

Difficulty: Easy

How to apply: Go to the CSTP site and then carry on with the registration process.

More details: Click Here

ADVANCE LEVEL : (8 TO 11-YEAR EXPERIENCE)

5. CMST (Certified Manager of Software Testing)


This certification is considered a worldwide standard for the assessment of skills, competencies, and capabilities of a tester. That is why it has a huge demand.

ELIGIBILITY: Each applicant must:

A. Hold an active CSQA Certification (recommended, but not required).

B. Should be working in the field related to the certification designation.

AND should satisfy any ONE of the three conditions:

1. A Bachelor’s degree from a recognized college-level institution & 4 years experience in the software quality assurance field OR

2. An associate degree & 6 years experience in the software quality assurance field OR

3. Eight years of experience in the software quality assurance field.

Fee: $450

Exam format: The examination consists of two parts of 6 questions each. And the time given to answer these 12 questions is 2 1/2 hours. The candidate must secure at least 70% on the average of both papers.

Level Of Difficulty: Fairly Difficult

How to apply: register and log in to the customer portal and then proceed with payment.

More details: Click Here

6.ISTQB (International Software Testing Qualifications Board) – CTAL

Candidates who have cleared the foundation level exam of ISTQB, can go for this advanced level certification. Getting an advanced level certification is a little complicated thing when compared to the foundation level certification.

But you can do it with little effort!

ELIGIBILITY: Candidates who have cleared the foundation level (CTFL).

Fee: nearly $250

Exam format: The test will have three parts: Technical Test Analyst; Test Analyst and Test Manager. There will be 65 questions to be answered in 180 minutes. Candidate must pass all the three subjects to get the certification.

Level of Difficulty: Fairly Difficult

How to apply: Go to the ISTQB site and select your region. After that register and connect with your National or Regional Board and pay the fee.

More details: Click Here

EXPERT LEVEL – ( 11+ YEARS EXPERIENCE)

7. ISTQB (International Software Testing Qualifications Board) – Test Manager

It is the expert level exam which is being conducted worldwide by ISTQB. Have you completed the foundation and advanced levels? Do you want to expand your knowledge base? 

Then this software testing certifications is a must!

Eligibility:  The candidate should have completed the Foundation level certification.

And should also have:

  1. Advanced certificate as per the desired expert module
  2. A minimum of 5 years of experience as a tester.
  3. At least two years of experience in the selected Expert level

Fee: nearly $375 per exam

Exam format: This exam will be conducted in 2 sub-modules – Assessing test process and Implementing test process improvement. The ‘Assessing test process’ module contains 25 multiple type questions in 45 minutes.  ‘Implementing Test Process Improvement’ module will have three questions. The candidate should write answers for 2 out of those three questions in 90 minutes.

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

How to apply: Connect with the National or Regional Board of ISTQB or visit the ISTQB website.

More Details: Click Here

8. CSQA (Certified Software Quality Analyst)

Getting this certification represents your expert level skills in Quality Assurance field and the IT profession. 

With this quality assurance certification in your resume, you can receive the required recognition in your career. 

There is also a possibility of getting placed as an advisor to the management.

ELIGIBILITY: To qualify each applicant must meet ONE of four prerequisites listed below:

  1. Should have a 4-year degree from an accredited institution along with a 2-year experience in the IT field
  2. Must complete a 3-year degree from an accredited college-level institution along with three years experience in the IT field.
  3. Should have completed a 2-year degree from an accredited college-level institution & 4 years experience in the information services field.
  4. Six years of experience in the information services field.

AND

  1. He/she should be working, or have worked at any time within the 18 months before the date of applying. Also, he/she should have worked or working in a field covered by the certification designation.
  2. The applicant should adhere to the Code of Ethics, which outlines the expected ethical behaviors by the ISCB.

Fee: nearly $400

Exam format: The examination consists of 2 parts, which are computer-based exams. 

Part-1 consists of only 100 objective type questions to be answered in 75 minutes. 

Part-2 will contain 12 short answer/essay questions which are to be answered in 75 minutes. Candidate should get 70% on an average to clear the exam.

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

How to apply: Log in to the CSQA website and register to proceed with the fee payment.

More details: Click Here

 

Are you still wondering how and what software testing certification is better? Feel free to drop your query in the comment section. The more you ask, the more you gain!

Characteristics-of-a-Good-Tester

13 CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD TESTER


Are you a software tester? If yes, please allow us to appreciate you for your efforts in delivering a quality product. But, do you think you possess all the characteristics of a good tester?

‘DO YOU CONSIDER YOURSELF A GOOD SOFTWARE TESTER?’

‘WHAT CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD SOFTWARE TESTER DO YOU THINK YOU HAVE?’

This is one of the most asked questions in interviews. One may list out their technical skills to prove that they are good at testing. But there is much more than just technical skills.

We have jotted out some of the skills and characteristics of a good tester. We prepared the list after carefully observing and reviewing a couple of professional testers.

So, start evaluating yourself based on this list of traits mentioned below and upgrade yourself from a NORMAL tester to a GOOD tester.

Remember! You are always invited to add other characteristics of a good tester in the comment section and it’s free!

Software testers are the ones whom people, as well as the software industry, believe in. They are the people who ensure the peace of mind for the end users and strive to achieve end-user satisfaction.

Software testers often face hostile situations in their work due to the amount of risk involved in finding bugs. Therefore to overcome and also to prevent such situations a software tester should develop these characteristics.

1. DON’T BELIEVE – QUESTION EVERYTHING!

A good software tester should always be skeptical. Don’t believe that the code which you received from the developer is bug-free and best in quality. Any Software / product can be accepted as the best in quality software / product, only when it meets the end user requirements with the quality standards. One cannot understand the business unless they ask some questions like:

  1. What are the client Requirements
  2. What are the Changes in functionality of the software
  3. How well are bug-fixes done
  4. What is the effect of fixing bug etc.,

2. BE PATIENT UNTIL YOU PRODUCE QUALITY PRODUCT

A good tester will be patient and never compromise on the quality. You have to love testing and should develop a passion for delivering the best quality products.

You may find a bug and report it to the developer. But he may not accept the defect as he expects his code to be correct. In situations like that, the tester should be patient and communicate the defects/failures in the system, along with supporting proofs, in a constructive way.

Concentrate only on providing a better end-user experience so that you can become a good tester.

3. DEVELOP ANALYTICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING

Analytical and Creative Thinking is one of the most important characteristics of a good tester. Think out of the box and understand the requirements to define a clear test strategy.

Every bug will have a root cause and follows certain patterns. To find the root cause, to report it and finally to make the product bug-free, you must develop analytical thinking.

4. BE PROACTIVE AND MANAGE SCHEDULES

‘Early Bird Gets The Worm’. So, always start early and be proactive. Do some research on the product so that you can understand the product well ahead.

Start from analyzing requirements, and prepare test cases, plans, and strategies. Concentrate on finding the defects in the earlier stages of the testing cycle.

Organize your work, manage your schedules and try to meet your deadlines. You must know how and what to prioritize before the test execution.

Pro Tip: Always prioritize work based on the amount of risk involved, testing environment and requirements in the testing process.

5. WORK ON COMMUNICATION SKILLS

Poor communication leads to breakdowns and affects the quality of the product. A good tester should always be able to communicate well with other programmers, test managers and customers.

To do that, he must possess strong verbal and written communication skills.

With exceptionally good communication skills, a tester can become a good team player, as he will be able to put across their ideas to the other party without any difficulty or shyness.

6. ‘TEST TO BREAK’ ATTITUDE IS THE KEY

You must develop a test to break the attitude. With this attitude, a tester can develop a suitable test approach by pushing the software to its extremes to see where it breaks.

Start with an assumption that the software is full of defects which in turn helps you to explore the depths of it.

Pro tip: If you have coding experience, think of all the possible loopholes that might have in the system code.

7. HAVE A HUNGER FOR VALID BUGS

The characteristics of a good tester also include the hunger for valid bugs.

As a good tester, you should never give up and always explore the software to find as many valid bugs as you can.

8. PAY ATTENTION TO EVERY MINUTE DETAIL, CO-RELATE AND THEN ACT

Pay attention to every small detail and try to look deeper.

Keep track of all the details and relate them to the real world scenarios.

Observe and then act based on the observations. This way you can generate new ideas.

9. LOOK THROUGH THE EYES OF AN END-USER

Software products are developed for the end user. The end user may not be a technical person or a person who is an expert in the domain.

Therefore You should know and understand them. Prepare test cases, strategies and execute testing as an actual customer.

Remember! ‘Doing whatever that make the end user happy’ is the basic nature of a good tester. Because the satisfaction of the end user is the main goal of every tester.

10. HAVE A GOOD EAR FOR SUGGESTIONS

A tester should not only be able to communicate well but should also have good listening skills.

He should welcome suggestions and feedback to improve the quality of the product.

11. MASTER ALL THE REQUIRED TECHNICAL SKILLS AND HAVE GOOD DOMAIN KNOWLEDGE

Gain technical skills according to the requirements. Learn how to use new tools in the market.

Gaining knowledge in multiple domains will be an added advantage.

12. ENSURE MAXIMUM TEST COVERAGE

A good tester will ensure maximum test coverage in terms of production quality, risks involved and requirement coverage.

13. DON’T STOP LEARNING

The software testing industry is evolving and improving every day. Keeping that in mind, You should never stop learning new technologies and domains.

A good tester will always upgrade himself with the latest improvements or changes in the industry. Upgrade yourself by doing some certifications in the market.

Pro tip: Make a learning schedule and learn every day. Habituate it!

SO, WHAT MORE CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD TESTER DO YOU HAVE ON YOUR MIND?

Mention them below so that we can add them to the list.

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