latest testing trends 2020

Expert’s Forecast: Latest testing trends for 2020

What is going to be the future of software testing? Here are the emerging and latest testing trends that are going to happen in 2020.

According to Gartner, by 2020, the costs involved in developing the IT industry will grow from 3.76 to 3.87 trillion dollars. Therefore, we are going to witness a lot of changes and technological advancements in the IT industry. This burdens entrepreneurs with expectations as everyone is aiming for high Return on Investment (ROI). Software industry has a lot to offer, only if you know how to reap its’ benefits.

Continuous research coupled with new advancements in software industry will help entrepreneurs reap more returns. These new advancements will always come with complexities that can be avoiding through testing. A recent Nelson Halls’ report states that testing accounts for 24% of the software industry spending.

With the Digitalization taking over the world by storm, Software testing is also growing enormously. Enterprises figured out that the deployment of bug-free software is possible only through the collaboration between the QA team and the developer team throughout the development process. Organizations’ focus has now been shifted to shaping and expanding QA teams & the test environment.

We have asked an essential question to our testing experts. ‘What trends do you think would critically affect testing & how software testing and quality assurance industry is going to be like in 2020?’

Based on their past experiences and also through the observation of advancements in the IT sector, especially the software testing industry, they have cast a few predictions on the current software testing trends in the industry. 

Top 5 latest testing trends in 2020

1. AI & ML Powered Testing Comes Of Age

AI is spreading its wings in innovative technology. We can expect massive growth in AI in the upcoming years. According to Statista, the total market revenue of AI technology is $14.69 billion in 2019. It is expected to grow further to $118.6 billion by 2025. 

AI in testing is not a new concept. It has always been on the software testing radar since 2018. AI and ML became the main directions of software testing and test automation. so, we can’t deny the fact that testing became smarter and faster after the implementation of AI. QA Testers are applying Artificial intelligence coupled with machine learning in Test automation to predict the quality of the tests performed, to write and also to prioritize test cases, to interact with the apps and websites, and so on.

One of our test experts opined that in 2020, application of AI and ML in software testing helps to: 

  1. Optimize test suites to find and reduce unnecessary test cases, 
  2. Prediction of main test configurations like key parameters, user behavior, and key focus areas.
  3. Identification of test cases which are to be automated.
  4. Identification of key application points that are highly risky and prioritize regression tests.
  5. Understanding Requirement Traceability Matrix based on the keywords in RTM, to ensure maximum possible requirement coverage.

The more we use AI and ML in software testing, the faster and reliable results we get from testing. But that doesn’t mean that AI will be stealing the spot. Software testers are the one who has to find whether the AI-extracted data is statistically justified.

2. Big Data Testing

Most of the business sectors have shifted to data-driven technology. These sectors include industries like technology, healthcare, banking, retail, telecom, and so on. The majority of the decisions in these industries are being taken based on the enormous volumes of optimized data. Because of the massive shift of various sectors towards the data-driven world, our experts say that the Big data testing will grow exponentially in 2020.

Enormous volumes of data are being created every minute. In the light of this enormous data, evaluating the Performance and the functionality of the data are the main challenging tasks in Big Data Testing. It is imperative to ensure that the tera bytes of information are verified correctly before performing testing. Considering the amount of data, it is quite challenging to verify and test the data in a given time. Testers require more time to test, and also need more tools to ensure quality.

In 2020, we can observe the rise of new platforms that help testers do big data testing in less time.

3. QAOps Development

We know that DevOps is a set of software development practices that combines Development and IT Operations so as to shorten the software development lifecycle (SDLC). DevOps helps teams to focus on more important tasks like building features, fixing bugs, and releasing frequent updates.

DevOps helps the Developer team and the business operationalists to collaborate. Similarly, QAops abridges the collaboration between Test Engineers and developers teams through the integration of Software testing into the SDLC. Through this QAOps, QA engineers will work in alignment with developers throughout the continuous integration and deployment (CI/CD) process.

4. IoT Testing

IoT market has been burgeoning. Previously, there used to be a thing called ‘IoT-Device.’ But now, every device, every product is a part of the Internet of Things (IoT) Technology. Devices that communicate are not only limited to computers, laptops, and smart mobiles but also include objects that have been equipped with chips to gather data over the network. So, we can say that the entire IoT market is depending upon the software, and thus, this is going to be the latest testing trend for 2020.

According to, there will be more than 21 billion IoT devices in the market by 2025. According to a blog post by Symantec, We may observe the usage of IoT devices to direct other Botnet-powered distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks. So, it is necessary to perform IoT testing. Monitoring communication protocols & operating systems requires a lot of time. QA teams should equip themselves with knowledge relating to IoT devices; the usability, scalability, and also Performance of such IoT devices.

IoT testing will help us assess the safety, to test the compatibility of versions, to evaluate data integrity, to monitor the delay in connection, and to perform scalability testing.

5. Test Automation & Agile Teams

Today, the IT sector is increasingly dependent on Automation. The software testing industry is no exception. Our experts said that 2020 is going to be a year of transition in the software testing industry and that we can see a continuous rise in the adoption of automated testing practices.  

Many enterprises are using Agile and DevOps processes to achieve ‘Quality At Speed.’ Test automation has become a significant component in the Agile & DevOps process to perform repetitive tasks, to detect quality bugs faster, to provide continuous feedback loops and thereby ensuring test coverage. 

Test Automation will not eliminate manual testing. Some testing types, such as Exploratory testing or usability testing, need to be carried out manually. Performing manual testing, along with Test automation, will help robust QA teams to squeeze the most out of software quality assurance. 

Henceforth, we should no longer consider test automation as functional. We have to consider it as a full-cycle requirement.

Final Words on the latest testing trends

In short, software testing and quality assurance are going to witness a lot of changes and advancements in the coming future, just like any other development element. That’s our list of latest testing trends in the software testing industry in 2020. Did we miss anything? Please share your thoughts on the latest testing and QA trends in the comment section.

QAonCloud is a QA-as-a-service based company. Our dedicated testing team provides the digital economy with Test automation services that are reliable, Cost-efficient, and also effective.

cybersecurity blog


Do you know these statistics on Cybersecurity for 2019?

According to a report on cyber threats by Verizon revealed that there is a huge increase in the amount of data that is being hacked/breached in the workplace. With the increase in the amount of data, number of users, and the systems, the rate of cyber crime is also increasing each day. So, it is crucial to take a look at these statistics.


A study shows that by the year 2020, the cost of damage due to cyber attack may reach $5 trillion. That is why it too essential to ensure that your business process is up-to-date and ready to ward off cyber attack. Additionally, recent cybersecurity statistics suggests that most companies have poor practices of protecting data at work place. This makes the system vulnerable to data loss. To fight against cyber threats it’s imperative that companies need some awareness. They also need to understand the practices to prevent such cyber crimes.

These stats are needed to realize the real dangers of the virtual world. In order to give you a better idea, here we have jotted down the 5 must-known statistics. Know them and stay constantly vigilant to these threats.

 As the digital platform continues to grow in scope, the threats will continue to grow as well. Keeping  the cybersecurity statistics above in mind, you can develop your own strategy. Clearly, developing a strategy for comprehensive cybersecurity is a task that all businesses must take special care of. No matter how big or small they are!

Liked our infographic presentation of these stats? Do share this with your friends on social media. 

At QAonCloud, we strive to make the world a better place by providing testing services to budding software companies. We provide tailored solutions to your problems, as per your requirement. Talk to our experts today!

testing in e commerce


Connecting buyers and sellers through the internet are made possible with the help of e-Commerce. The E-commerce websites are designed to have a rapid interaction with customers and then to provide quick solutions to them through the products/ services. But the customers can easily get turned down if your e-commerce website or application provides them with poor user experience.

Online customers became more delicate Now-a-days. If they find any minor issue or error on the e-commerce website or application, they probably will leave your business ad in the worst case, may look at other alternatives. Online customers are looking out for the fastest, easiest, & extraordinary shopping experiences.
This is why the verification of the quality of applications through testing in e commerce is very critical.

Testing In E commerce

E-commerce sites are virtual places where buying and selling of goods and services occur through an application. E-commerce is a software or an app that allows B2B and B2C transactions through the internet.

Processes like Marketing goods/services, inventory management, fund transfers are done digitally through an application.

As money is involved in the process, People should feel secure and also be able to operate the application smoothly because nobody wants to toss out their credit card or bank information, without ensuring the safety. Therefore, testing interface quality and security are very critical. Meticulous attention should be paid to essential factors like the functionality of the product, the correctness of the system in calculations, payment gateways, site performance, and usability, and soon. Because even a tiny flaw can result in a very significant loss of business revenue.

The e-commerce sites and applications should meet high-quality standards, as these are very similar to any other banking application. Testing all the features of the application will help us ensure that it doesn’t have any bugs and also to ensure that it gives a better customer experience. Testing in e commerce adds value to the product by providing conformity to the requirements of the clients.

The objective of testing in e-commerce

The global revenue in e-commerce businesses is growing each year. As per the latest reports from statista, E-Commerce sales accounted for 14.1% of all retail sales worldwide. And this will reach 17.5% by 2021. Since this sector is more profitable than any other industry, there has been significant growth in the number of online stores.

The objective of testing in e commerce industry is to ensure Software reliability, Quality, System assurance, and optimum performance & capacity utilization.

Software Reliability

Reliable software testing services

Software Reliability refers to the ability of the software to perform critical tasks like collecting and securing customer data, providing payment gateway to function correctly in a given environment, for a particular amount of time. Testing software reliability will provide us with insights into many problems in software design and functionality.

Software Quality

Software Quality in e commerce testing

Software Quality is the degree of conformance to the correctness of program logic & implementation. Testing each module while writing or modifying will help us to increase the quality. Verifying boundary conditions and test values & performing interface testing to find functional errors will prevent complex problems. When the user is trying to check out, and the application shows inaccurate tax, and shipping charges lead to abandoned carts. So, testing in e commerce is very critical to increasing the quality of the product.

System Assurance

software quality assurance

System Assurance helps in delivering quality products after the conformance of requirements. The interdependence of the parties (bank, clearinghouse, and the customer) involved in the system makes the process more complicated. If there is an error in the system, all the parties may lose much money, and in the worst case, the e commerce business can lose its reputation. The primary purpose of System Assurance is to increase the organization’s confidence in the e commerce system and also the processes.

Ensuring Optimum Performance and Capacity utilization of the components of e commerce system is possible only through the testing in e commerce system. Planning and performing Stress or capacity testing to be sure that the system is capable of performing flawlessly even at peak usage.


These are some of the benefits of performing testing in e commerce industry:

  • Ensures that the system is safe and secure.
  • Helps in making the e commerce application bug free.
  • Enables organizations to offer customers, transparency in all activities.
  • Helps organizations to increase conversions and ROI.
  • Ensures the performance, usability, accessibility, & other features of the sites in the given environment.

Major Challenges

  • Invigorate change in technology brings in new features and better functionality. In order to test new features, the tester has to set the environment according to the changes in technology. This makes the testing process difficult from time to time.
  • Simulating all kinds of customers, from a new customer to experienced customer, to meet the needs of testing. And also simulating business environment to buy goods, calculating taxes and shipping charges, and making credit card payments.
  • Tight time frames and budget limitations.
  • Difficulty in the integration of third-party systems in the testing process.
  • Compliance with security guidelines to safeguard confidential data like customer data, bank/ credit card details, & identity.

Undoubtedly, E commerce testing is a challenging task to perform. The difficulty is due to the complex nature of the e commerce system. But we know how to overcome these challenges to help e commerce businesses make the best quality product.

At QAonCloud, we have qualified e commerce domain experts who can test all the functionalities of your e commerce applications. Talk to our experts today!

We will explain the types of testing and the key areas to focus on testing in e commerce industry, in the next blog post. So, keep visiting this site.

cypress testing


Introduction to Cypress Testing

‘Technology make our life easier’, but how about the people who are behind the success of this Technology. Yes, the developers and testers also want to make their lives easier. Even though there exist many tools to speedup the development /testing process, many say that Cypress has made it much easier.

What is Cypress? What makes Cypress so unique?

Lets us check on the pros and cons of this End-End testing framework.

Well, Cypress is one of the most popular opensource, front end automation testing tool, which can be used by both developers and QA engineers. The architecture is mainly designed to suit the modern web applications built using JavaScript frameworks.

The main advantage of Cypress is that it can basically test anything that runs on the browser. You do not need any remote commands through the network. It runs in the same loop as your application and hence cypress can be termed as Fast, Easy and more reliable .So, Cypress is purely a non-selenium framework. You don’t have to take the pain of multiple installations/dependencies before you start the work. Cypress comes out as an all-in-one framework, just run the .exe and that’s it. You are ready to start the work.

cypress testing
image source:

Cypress helps to automate 

  •       Unit Tests
  •       Integration Tests and
  •       End-End tests.

Cypress Testing Services:

When you go through the website, we find that cypress provides two services.

  1. Cypress Test Runner, which is free and can be locally installed. It is open source and no limitations.
  2. Dashboard service is like a web application, which gives more insight into the test runs. It provides features like parallelization across machines, automated load balancing etc., There are a variety of plans in Dashboard service, a free plan, open source plan and paid plans.

But, the locally installed Cypress Test Runner would serve the purpose in most of the cases.

Cypress Test Runner:

The Cypress Test Runner allows you to see the commands as well as the application at once.

Cypress Test Runner
image source:

Dashboard Services:

The Dashboard gives an overall view of runs, setting up the projects etc.,

cypress testing Dashboard Services
image source:

What makes Cypress Unique?

We have listed a few points to claim that Cypress is unique in its own way. Here is the list, though it is not complete.

  1. Free: Cypress is Open source and no limitations/restrictions.
  2. Architecture: Complete new architecture built from the ground up that can overcome many shortcomings found in the existing open source tools.
  3. Target Audience: It is made especially for developers and QA engineers.
  4. Time Travel: Cypress takes screen shots at every step .So, you can go back and see what happened at each step.
  5. Debugging: Time travel makes it easy to find out where the failure occurred and debugging can be done by the familiar chrome dev tools.
  6. Automatic Waiting: No need of any sync/wait statements as Cypress automatically waits for commands/assertions before moving on to the next step.
  7. Installation: Fast and easy set up and you do not have to install any dependencies separately as cypress is fully baked and ready to serve.
  8. Documentation: A very well written documentation is available on the cypress website which makes it easy to understand.

Cons of Cypress Testing

  1. Cross-Browser Support: Cypress works only for one browser i.e. Chrome. But, the cross browser support will be an upcoming feature as per the Cypress website.
  2. Supports only one language ‘JavaScript’
  3. Only one Testing Framework ‘Mocha’ is allowed.


The main target of cypress seems to be the front-end developers, who can run their Unit, Integration and End-end tests with ease. Using this tool is a relief for the front end developers as they use JavaScript and cypress tests can be written only in JavaScript. The drawback of cross browser testing may not impact the developer because there are not many differences between the browsers and testing in Chrome might be enough for their job.

Cypress, on the other hand, may not fulfil the general purpose of the automation testers.

You may not be able to use cypress for indexing the web, scripting 3rd party sites, performance testing etc., you cannot do much outside the browser, like connecting to the database. Though there are a few workarounds, still it is a painful job compared to the ease that cypress gives with the front-end automation.

Cross-browser testing is something which is expected out of automation scripts. We should wait on this feature to be completely developed in Cypress. Still, for small companies where the users need general end-end testing with only one browser (chrome) cypress can be implemented.




User Acceptance Testing (UAT) is nothing but an end to end testing which the user for a particular period of time prepares. It is the final step before rolling out the application. This helps you identify if the software is able to handle real-time business scenarios or not. Some companies call it acceptance testing while others call it Final Acceptance Testing (FAT), while others name it as Red Box Testing (RBT). 

The generic way of  UAT often occurs before a client or a customer accepts a new system in software development. UAT is one of the final stages of a project. Usually, when  the company develops the product, the user tests the application before accepting the application from the developing company. 

So, How does this User acceptance Testing work? 

To ensure effective user acceptance testing, we create Test Cases.  This User Acceptance Testing creates Different test cases at different requirement levels. These number of test cases ensure the user the proper coverage of all the scenarios during the testing process.

User acceptance testing is similar to the black box type of testing. But UAT requires more than two end-users to process it. The company tends to undergo the various types of testing processes before getting into user acceptance testing.  the application goes through unit testing, integration testing, system-level testing. However, most of the bugs have already been fixed before user acceptance testing. 

 So, the main focus of this user acceptance testing is on the functionality and usability of the application rather than the technical aspects 

Companies who tend to have a software, approach a software developing company. they give the requirement significantly describing how they want their software to be designed. However by testing the application the end-user gains some kind of confidence in accepting the application. The specific focus of this UAT testing helps the end-user check if all the requirements have been fulfilled by the developer. 


  • Alpha & Beta Testing
  • Contract Acceptance Testing
  • Regulation Acceptance Testing
  • Operational Acceptance Testing
  • Black Box Testing



 Alpha testing : 

It is to perform at the developing organization’s site by an independent test team. Alpha testing mainly focuses on finding bugs before releasing the product to the real users or the public.

Beta testing:

Beta testing mainly focuses on  Pre-release test performed by the potential or existing customers or operators at their own locations. This type of testing usually done after alpha testing. Focus on finding customer’s feedback/suggestions.


Contract Acceptance Testing:

The objective of the CAT is to test if the developed software meets the pre-decided and mutually agreed specifications in the contract. The project team works on defining the relevant criteria and at the same time agrees to work on a pre-defined contract.


Regulation acceptance testing :

This type of testing is necessary to test the developed product against certain rules and legal regulations.  Compliance acceptance testing is the other term for regulation acceptance testing .


Operational acceptance testing :

Operational acceptance testing (OAT) is a common type non-functional testing. The main  usage of this type of testing is in maintaining and developing the projects. OAT may sometime include activities like checking the backup or the restore facilities


Black box testing: 

One of the types of user acceptance testing is black-box testing. One of the common testing which is applicable to almost all the levels of testing like unit testing, integration testing and system testing and acceptance testing as well. Black box testing basically examines the functionality of an application without looking into its internal structures or workings.


Tools Used for User Acceptance Testing (UAT)

  • Usersnap
  • Java 
  • Watir, and more

Usersnap – Your testers will love it

Usersnap is a great solution for asking alpha and beta testers for feedback. In fact, it creates bug reports and gives you visual feedback in the browser itself. That being the case Usersnap tool helps you to discuss with your team to come up with better solutions. 

Fitness tool: It is a java tool used as a testing engine. It is easy to create tests and record results in a table. Users of the tool enter the formatted input and tests are created automatically. However, the tests are then executed and the output is returned back to the user.

Watir : It is a toolkit used to automate browser-based tests during User acceptance testing. Ruby is the programming language applicable for inter-process communication between ruby and Internet Explorer.


DO YOU NEED SOMEONE TO GIVE YOU A SOLUTION THAT ACTUALLY WORKS FOR YOU?  QAonCloud brings out the best output for you ensuring you the requirements and your expectations are fulfilled. 

domain knowledge in software testing

Importance Of Domain Knowledge In Software Testing

Testing industry is growing. With the increased growth in the industry, the basic knowledge of testing is not sufficient anymore. The demand of ‘Domain Knowledge’ in software testing is rising. Domain knowledge has become a crucial factor for a successful project.

While there are many software tools, methodologies, and approaches existing in the market, there is one more critical aspect of software testing, which would help the tester to achieve his best.


So, what is a Domain?

The domain is nothing but a specialized discipline or a field. A person having proficiency in a particular domain is considered as an SME (Subject Matter Expert) in the IT industry.
Generally, in any software organization, the projects are categorized based on the domains they work for. Some call it as verticals, like Insurance ,Banking,Healthcare etc.,

What are the different domains in the market?

Many software domains exist in the market. Here are some major domains in the industry.

banking domain knowledge in software testing
insurance domain knowledge in software testing
healthcare domain
automobile domain knowledge in software testing
MANUFACTURING domain knowledge in software testing
Real-estate, Construction & Architecture
tourism domain knowledge
Hospitality, Travel & Tourism
entertainment domain knowledge in software testing

Importance of Domain Knowledge In Software Testing

Is domain knowledge essential only for a developer?

NO, it is equally essential for a QA tester too.

Quality of the testing can be improved when the person who tests the application has sufficient domain knowledge along with the technical skills. A person without domain knowledge can also test the application, but the testing capability gets better by having the relevant expertise.

  • Domain knowledge would help in Perceiving the terminologies used in the business to understand the application functionality.
    For Example, you can easily test a banking application when you know the functionalities like Account Summary, Funds Transfer, etc.,
  • It makes your day to day job activities easier.
  • Helps you to get into a project easily
  • When you don’t know the concept, then you tend to focus on the wrong things which are time-consuming for your testing
  • If you want to stand out of the crowd, the only choice left for you is to become a domain expert. Then, you will definitely be considered as a value add to the project.

How to gain Domain Knowledge?

So, one can gain the domain skills by

  1. Going through various tutorials on the web.
  2. Focus on understanding the business of the application and think like an end-user.
  3. Attend domain training sessions conducted by your company and write the internal certifications. It will help you in moving to a project which you would prefer.
  4. External certifications in each domain would help you for a better career. For example, HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) certification helps you to get into Healthcare projects. LOMA (Life Office Management Association) is also popular when it comes to the insurance domain.

We at QAonCloud, have  expertise in various domains. You can talk to our quality experts.

migrate to Android Q

Migrate to Android Q : Get Your Apps ready

We are already aware of the fact that Google has released Android 10, which includes many new features. But are you sure that your app is ready to migrate to android Q?

Do you think that this newer version of Android will have any impact on the existing apps? Do you think your app is ready to experiment with Android Q?


Even though you don’t want to target Android Q just yet, Some of the features of this new version  are going to impact your app. So, you have to use all of those impacting features to give your users the best experience.

affect of android 10

Our experts opined that the old apps will have more impact than ever, keeping in mind, the number of new features that Google is offering in this new version. It is important for the organisations to update the apps in such a way it supports all the behaviour changes & features it offers. Now it is the responsibility of all developers to build an amazing UI/UX for the best experience of the users.

In this blog post, we are going to take you through all the features that you need to add to your new build and also steps to do while you migrate to Android Q. So, stay with us and read the article till the end.

OK! But, How Do I Enhance My App Before I Migrate To Android Q

Well, Android version 10 has brought us many features, which aims to improve the UI/UX of the Android. If you are not aware of what new features to look out for, Read our blog post here. (link).

The following are the things to take care of, if you want to increase the number of downloads and ratings of your app on the App store.

1. It’s Okay To Go Dark - Reduce Eyestrain & Boost Visibility (DARK THEME)

Dark theme refers to a color scheme that uses dark background and light-colored text. Android is introducing Dark Mode at system level. That means, the dark mode applies to Android system UI and also to all the apps running on the device. There is also a feature called ‘Force-Dark’, which will let the system to create a dynamic dark version from the existing theme. 

android Q dark theme

Dark Theme will reduce eye-strain, boost visibility in low-light conditions. It can also help in reducing power usage on smartphones with OLED screens. You have two options to make use of this dark theme. One is to build your own custom dark mode for your app or to support Force-dark.

Caution: Don’t forget to get your app tested thoroughly if you have decided to support ‘Force Dark’ feature. We have a team of experts you are already performing mobile app testing on various Android 10 devices.

2. Gesture navigation for increased accessibility

We have to bid farewell to the navigation bar. Android 10 introduces a full gesture navigation mode that allows users to use apps in full screen. Full screen gestures are known to deliver rich and immersive experiences. Navigating through edge swipes is the new trend! 

Don’t want to update your app to target Android Q? Then be prepared to get affected by the device’s navigation settings. In the worst case, user may also uninstall your app.


If you don’t want your users to uninstall your app or give you bad reviews, just because of the compatibility issues, then you have to ensure that your app is compatible with the complete gestural navigation. But before you release your app to the market, get your app tested thoroughly.

During the testing you need to check whether the gestures are triggering any other app controls like, displaying menu or showing buttons etc., Do not let any of your app’s UI elements interfere with the gestural navigation.

3. Optimize Your App For Foldables

Android 10 is built to support multiple devices, including the devices with fold-able screens and secondary screens. It also supports a plethora of screen aspect ratios as the screen size may differ from vendor to vendor.

Create apps to support multiple devices and It is better to test the app on multiple screen aspect ratios, 1:1, 16:10, 4:3, 16:9, 5:3, 3:2, 21:9 etc.,

migrate to android 10 -fold-out-app-continuity
source :

The multi-resume feature is another highlight of Android 10. ‘Multi-Resume’ is a feature that allows multiple apps to be in the resumed state. Make sure you use ‘OnResume’ and ‘OnPause’ methods to handle UI perfectly. 

4. Make Your App Support 5G Network

supporting 5G network

Android 10 supports 5G network which gives users a super-fast network connectivity with lower latency than ever. Your app should be able to cope up with the 5G network speed, so that your user would get faster access to the info on your app. 

5. Check For Bio-metrics Authentication Capability

Now google is providing users with an implicit authentication API, which allow them to authenticate their identify using “hands-free” bio-metric verification methods, like facial recognition, voice recognition or iris authentication.

migrate to Android Q - biometric verification

But, even though the user verified his identity successfully, they still have to confirm it by tapping on a dialog box, to finish the authentication process. Google has also made some changes to this and gave an option using which you can request the system to remove the Confirm button.

If your app uses biometric modalities for authentication, then make use of this feature perfectly.

6. Capture Audio with ‘Audio Playback Capture’

The new AudioPlaybackCapture API helps you to capture audio from other applications. This is helpful for you, if you are creating screen recording apps. If your app contains some copyrighted content and you don’t want third party apps to capture the audio, you can also prevent them from capturing audio!

7. Transcribe The Audio Using ‘Live Captioning’

With Android 10, Google is bringing out another new feature called Live Captioning. This is a revolutionary accessibility feature that transcribes the audio which is being played on your screen. It applies to text and all formats of pre-recorded videos. This is useful for people with hearing disability. Don’t forget to add this functionality to your app.

8. No More Navigating Away! - Settings Panel API

Using this you can display settings of the device over your app content. Through this API, users will be able to alter the device settings without being redirected to or launching the settings app.

source: migrate to Android Q-settings panel API

Through this API, the developers also can change Wi-Fi status or any other important device settings without navigating away from the app.

9. Keep Your Users Secured! - Privacy Changes

Android 10 introduces a number of privacy changes. Google has given users greater control over their data than ever. These privacy changes have the potential to affect your app’s behavior and in the worst case, may completely break your app and make it obsolete.

This feature gives users more control over when an application can access their location. Whenever an app requires user’s location information, the users can see a dialog asking whether the user wants to share their location information. They can also choose to share this information, when the app is running in the foreground ONLY or any time ( Foreground and background). They also have an option to deny location permission altogether.

Final Words:

Verify whether your application is providing the best user experience and is compatible with Android Q before you migrate to Android Q. Publish your app to Google Play as soon as possible as it can gather feedback before your competitors get all your user base. 

Our Team has already started testing apps on Android Q and helping clients to migrate to Android Q. Get a free advice from our Mobile app test engineers at QAonCloud. 

Content Contributors: Sasi Kumar & Divya G

State Transittion Testing

Introduction to State Transition Testing

‘State Transition Testing’ is a black-box testing technique. State Transition Testing is useful when a system shows different responses to the same input, depending on current condition and previous history.

State Transition Diagrams and Tables:

Representation of State Transitions will be in the form of ‘State Transition Diagrams and Tables’. A ‘State Transition Diagram’ shows all valid transactions in pictorial format. The ‘State Transition Table’ shows both valid and invalid transactions in tabular forms.

State, Event, Transition and Actions:

An event occurs through a condition. A condition is nothing but an input value given to a field. The event results in a transition from one state to another. 

Thus, a change of state results in an action (OUTPUT).

So, In other words, a ‘State Transition Testing’ is a “technique used to test the ability of software to enter and exit from specified states through a set of valid and invalid transactions.”

A state diagram consists of:

  • State
  • Event
  • Transition
  • Action


The State Transition Diagram for a Login Screen is as shown below:

User account gets locked after three unsuccessful attempts. If the user gives correct login credentials in any attempt, then it has to display the homepage.

state transition testing

The State Transition Table for the above scenario is defined as below:

state transition table

The test cases are as follows:

TC001: S1->S2->S5

TC002: S1->S2->S3->S5

TC003: S1->S2->S3->S4->S5

TC004: S1->S2->S3->S4->S6

The State Transition applies to any transactional software like embedded software, web software, control systems etc.

State Transition Coverage:

State Transition Coverage % = Number of identified states or transitions tested / The total number of states or transitions in the test object.

‘n-Switch Coverage’ represents the ‘Number of Transactions Covered’.

If we test a valid sequence of one successive transaction at least once, then we call it as 100% 0-Switch Coverage

If we test a valid sequence of two successive transactions at least once, we call it as 100% 1-Switch Coverage

And so on…

“Round-trip coverage” is applicable where sequences of transitions form loops. So, we will achieve a 100% round-trip coverage when we test all loops from each state back to the same state.

The minimum acceptable coverage is to make sure that every state is visited and also every transaction is traversed. Sometimes, a transaction can be traversed more than once in order to execute another transaction in line.


    • Pictorial and Tabular Representation helps to understand the system effectively.
    • Gives a better idea on the overall test coverage.


    • We cannot use this technique if the system is not sequential.
    • It works very well for small systems, but gets complicated as the system gets bigger with multiple interfaces.

ISTQB Sample Question:

Question 1 :

Based on the given State Transition Diagram of a switch ,which of the following test case is invalid?

state transition testing ISTQB question


  1. OFF to ON
  2. ON to OFF
  3. FAULT to ON
  4. ON to FAULT

Answer: Option 3: FAULT to ON

Explanation: Here, options 1, 2 and 4 are valid as the transitions occur based on the diagram. Option 3 is not valid as the transition is either ON to FAULT Or FAULT to FAULT and not FAULT to ON.

Question 2 :
state transition testing ISTQB question 2

Given the following state transition, which of the following series of state transitions below will provide 100% 0-switch coverage.


  1. A,B,E,B,C,F,D
  2. A,B,E,B,C,F,F
  3.  A,B,E,B,C,D
  4. A,B,C,F,F,D

Answer: Option 1 : A,B,E,B,C,F,D

Explanation: Transitions A,B,E,B,C,F,D cover all the states at least once.

New Features Of Android version 10 you should know!


The wait is over! Google has finally rolled out the final version of its new operating system, Android version 10, to the world on September 3, 2019. This version has landed on Pixel devices and some new mobiles.

From a user perspective, getting a new version of Android is exciting. For developers and testers, updates in Android brings mixed feelings.

You may ask, ‘WHY?’

Does it affect the compatibility of the existing apps in the app store? The answer is a ‘YES.’ So, Start prepping your app before your competitors do. Make your existing app compatible with the new android 10.

To shape your app to make it compatible, you need to understand all the new features of android 10. There are a lot of new features, API’s and new behavioral changes, which can affect your app when running on Android. This version of Android is set to come to a device near you.

In this article, we are going to explore all the new features of android version 10. We will also have a look at some APIs that help you migrate your apps to this new Android OS version.

What’s new in Android version 10?

Android 10 is designed to create an innovative platform with machine learning and support for new creative devices like foldable and 5G enabled smartphones. The primary focus in this version of Android is the privacy and security. With over 50 features, Google is now providing users with more protection and control.

Here are some of the new features to look forward to in Android 10.

Gesture navigation (No Back-Button)

Google finally bids farewell to the boring navigation staple of Android. Android now supports full gesture-based navigation, using which we can swipe up to go to the home screen; a swipe-up and hold reveal multitasking menu.

image source:

Swipe from either the left or right edge of the screen will let you go back to the previous menu. Whereas, a swipe and hold from the right or left side of the screen will take you to the last app in the background.

This version allows users to enable the full-screen gesture navigation, which will impact every application installed on the device.

Supports 5G Networks

5G android version 10

Gone are the days of 4G. Now it’s the era of more speed and less latency. 5G networks promise to maintain consistency in delivering faster speed and lower latency. Android 10 supports 5G networks by extending the API’s to get more out of 5G and to give immersive experiences to the users.

Better Multi-Display Support For Foldable Devices

Foldable devices are undoubtedly one of the greatest innovations in the history of smartphone technology.

android foldable device

This version supports multi-windows and displays across all devices and provides support to maintain a stable app state as the device folds and unfolds. The main aim was to optimize for foldable devices of all sizes.

Smart reply in notifications


Android 10 uses machine learning (ML) to predict and suggest contextual actions such as smart replies or opening maps for an address, etc., via notifications. Google claims that they have created this app, keeping user privacy in mind, and the complete ML processing will only be on the device. You will always have an option to disable this feature.

System-wide Dark theme in Android 10

Google is now getting behind the dark mode trend. In the new Android version 10, Google has introduced dark mode to both the system UI and the Apps. There is also another feature when you activate the battery-saving mode, and the dark mode will automatically be enabled. Google has also released a screenshot, through which we can understand, that the dark mode will also affect Google products like G-mail, google podcasts, search, etc.,

The dark mode is designed to reduce the stress on the eyes and to improve visibility in low-light conditions. It uses a dark background and light-colored elements in the foreground.

Background Location Permission

This feature extends the transparency & the control that users will have over their location data and the permissions they give to the apps.


Now in this new android version 10, you can share your location data only when you are using apps. That means, you will receive a reminder, whenever an inactive app accesses your location data. So, you will have full control over your location data and you are the one who can decide whether to share your location in the background or not.

Live captions

For the sake of deaf people, closed captions are very much needed. To make them understand what is happening or being said in a media like podcasts, video, or a game, where words are spoken, Android version 10 introduced the ‘Live Captions’ feature.

Live captions automatically provide real-time captions, of the media, which is playing on a smartphone of the user. Machine Learning Speech modules are used in Android 10 to make content more accessible with just a single tap.

Final Words : Get Your App Ready For Android Version 10

So, what features do you like the most? Share your thoughts in the comment section.

Also, read our blog post on ‘How To Make An Existing App ready for Android Q?’ to know what you need to do to ensure that your app is compatible with this new update.

Mobile App Testing Process

Mobile app testing Process: Explained Step-By-Step

Do you know that there is an ideal way of testing mobile applications? In this blog post we are going to explain the entire Mobile app testing process.

The extensive use of mobile devices, has made mobile devices as a door to the digital world. Mobile devices became our virtual friends. We have witnessed an upsurge in the usage of mobile devices and applications. People are approaching their mobile devices to perform their tasks quickly. 

Keeping this in mind, almost all businesses, whether it is e-commerce or manufacturers, healthcare providers or a university, have started delivering mobile solutions to their customers. Now-a-days businesses are more focused on developing robust and reliable apps. 

Why Mobile App Testing?

QA plays a crucial role in mobile application development. Sending an app to the  user with all the features embedded into it is not enough. Mobile app testing should be done before releasing your app in the market for the end user to use. Testing will ensure that the app runs smoothly on all types of devices without any possible glitches.

Therefore, rigorous mobile application testing is the most important step you should take to increase the number of downloads of your app in the AppStore. 

Mobile app testing Process:

It is important to know the step by step procedure of testing application software developed for mobile devices. When we develop an ideal mobile app testing process, we will be able to find errors, breaks and bugs which are present in a mobile application. 

Mobile App Testing Process step by step

It is always confusing for anyone to know where to start the testing process. So, we have decided to reveal and explain the process we follow.

We, at QAonCloud follow this mobile app testing process to test mobile apps of our clients.

Steps in Mobile App Testing Process

We have divided the mobile app testing process into 6 steps for your better understanding.

Step 1: Requirement Analysis

The first and foremost step in the mobile app testing process is Requirement Analysis. During this phase, we have to know what are the requirements of the client. That requirement may be either functional or non-functional. 

For example, Incase of a banking application, the functional requirement will be – When a customer selects ‘View Balance’, he should be able to see their latest account balance on the screen.

A non-functional requirement of a banking application will be ‘every page of the system should load and be visible to the user within 5 seconds’.

In this step you should be able to answer the following questions as well:

  1. Is the application interacting with any other app?
  2. What are the functional features?
  3. What is the type of the mobile app? (Native, Web or Hybrid)
  4. What are the limits of testing?
  5. Is the testing limited to front-end or does it include back-end as well?
  6. How much space or data does the app need?
  7. Is the app compatible with multiple networks?
  8. Is the mobile app handling the load well?

Ensure that you answer all these questions before you proceed further. Prepare a document on requirement analysis and pass it across your team.

Step 2: Test Strategy and Plan

Planning is the key to success. During this phase you have to make sure you have proper communication with your team members. Discuss about their roles and assign the tasks. 

Plan the process based on the client requirement analysis. Make sure your team is ready to execute testing. Craft a test strategy and prepare a test plan document and explain the importance of the test plan document to your teammates.

Test plan document is a document that describes the scope of testing, test strategy, objectives, effort, schedule and resources required. 

Test plan document is a guiding document of the whole testing process. Ensure that your test plan document contains the following in it:

  1.  Scope (Inscope and Out of Scope) of the tests
  2. Well defined Test Objectives
  3. Which testing levels you should focus on.
  4. Test schedules to monitor testing process
  5. Risks and mitigation plans that exists while testing a mobile application
  6. Entry and Exit Criteria
  7. Test metrics to estimate the efforts in testing
  8. Defect Logging tools and Bug reporting tools to be used
  9. Roles and responsibilities 
  10. Test environmental needs
  11. Deliverables, Test Artifacts etc.,

Step 3: Identifying testing types

Identify the testing types which we require to test the mobile app. We have to perform testing of mobile apps, to ensure the functionality, usability, compatibility, performance, security etc., based on the requirements of the client. 

Step 4: Test Design

Based on the Requirements Document / Use-Case Document / Business Rules, develop appropriate test cases and prepare a test case document for all features and functionalities of the app. Based on the client requirement, add special cases to the test case document. 

Special cases include:

  • battery usage, 
  • Speed of the app, 
  • internet data requirements, 
  • memory status etc., 

Step 5: Test Execution: Manual and automation testing

Create Test Suites for manual test execution and test scripts for Automation. Test execution Can be done through any one of the following options:

  • Real devices or
  • Emulators / simulators or
  • Cloud platform

The test suite should include the following:

  • Detailed instructions for each set of test cases
  • Information related to system configuration to be used during testing.

We love to test apps on real devices as it is the most reliable approach, which gives the most accurate results. Testing on real devices gives us insights to actual performance of the application. 

Based on client requirement, we will also use emulators / simulators like Bluestacks. Our favorite mobile app testing tools include, Appium, Charles proxy and Crashlytics.

Step 6: Bug reporting

The entire process of mobile app testing process should be recorded and double checked before crafting the final report. Testers must submit the most ideal bug report that includes all the information which helps developer to be able to reproduce the bug and then finally close the bug.

The bug report should include the following:

  • Information uncovered through tests
  • Quality and amount of efforts
  • Types or levels of testing performed
  • Time taken to complete tests
  • Incidence reports and the stats derived from them.
  • Overall quality of mobile application
  • Include key points describing whether the mobile application is fit for use, whether it meets acceptance criteria.

Submit accurate and complete bug report using bug tracking & reporting tools like Bugzilla, Jira, Mantis, Phabricator etc.,


Mobile application testing may seem confusing and time consuming. But by carrying out rigorous testing at each stage of mobile app development cycle, can guarantee you a fully functional mobile app. Before you execute testing, it is always advised to craft a mobile app testing process and follow all the steps without any fail.

Want to hire a tester to test your mobile application software? 

Talk to our experts and get your app tested today!

Grab an opportunity to get a FREE Detailed Test Strategy and Plan for your mobile application in less than 48 hours.